Will the upcoming budget reverse the long-term capital gains tax?

As the financial world eagerly awaits the next budget announcement, one question looms large: Does the upcoming budget bring a change to long-term capital gains tax (LTCG) in India, it would be interesting to observe if such high-tax rates will come back again or not. It touched on this subject in 2018 when the LTCG tax was introduced and since then it has been researched and criticized. The role of an investor is highly important, especially the one who works with shares, in the estimation of possible changes. This article is a journey through the history of the LTCG tax, and its effect on investors and shines a light on the uncertainty surrounding its possible changes within the budget which is next. Investors should not forget about the advantages of holding their investments in a demat account that will automatically organize all their share trading activities while keeping an eye out for changes in the tax laws. 

Understanding Long-term capital gains taxes 

So the LTCG tax was brought back basically in India concerning equities and equity-oriented mutual funds in the budget of Union in the year 2018. To know more about this tax regime, the long-term capital tax on the sale of listed shares or equity mutual funds when held for more than one year is 10% on the total amount exceeding ₹1 lakh in a financial year’s and the types of investments covered under this get a proper examination. This measure was a tool to balance the structure of taxes as well as raise income that was used for government purposes. 

Before 2018, LTCG on equity investments were exempted from tax, hence India’s position as a tax haven, literally without any income tax on LTCG. The reaction of investors and market makers was shrouded with both displeasure and elation after the introduction of LTCG. Supporters of the capital gains tax suggested that it created a sense of fairness between those who are wealthy and taxpayers, while also contributing to the treasury.

See also: Navigating Financial Waters: IronFX Strategies for Success

Impact on investors

Admittedly, the proposed LTCG has affected investors’ decision-making and investment strategies. Here’s how it has impacted various stakeholders

Retail investors 

Investors’ attention, who contribute a substantial amount of stock market players, can be exercised with great precautions when they make their investment choices. The tax charge on long-term gains can reduce overall returns and may be the reason why some investors modify their investment duration or asset allocation policies. 

Market sentiment

Such policies impact the outlook of the stock market, which in turn reacts sensitively to changes. By introducing the LTCG tax, investors and equity markets have been faced with a more complicated situation which could affect the prices on the exchange. 

   Equity mutual funds

Not only do investors in equity mutual funds have to bear the long-term capital gains tax, but also equity investors attach importance to investing in an equity mutual fund as an investment option. It follows that before the introduction of LTCG, equity mutual funds had this substantial tax benefit which they used to have over regular savings in the savings accounts.  

Foreign investors

 Besides the government’s codes, FII’s and FPI’s, too, acknowledge tax implications while investing in emerging markets like India. LTCG tax might prompt them to change their investment directions and modify their asset allocation. 

Speculation on budget reforms

With the budget announcement, each such talk creeps into the financial circles leaving the thoughts of reverting LTCG tax. Several factors contribute to this speculation: Several factors contribute to this speculation:

Economic revival

Being subject to the economic troubles caused by the global pandemic and efforts to win back growth, especially now, investors usually tend to look for competitive attractive measures that could attract investment funds to the market. 

Competitive landscape 

India can compare the tax system with its neighbouring countries including Singapore and Hong Kong as investor-friendly. Carefully considering a re-levy on the LTCG tax would add to the attractiveness for India to make it a favourite FDI destination. 

Investor outreach

 The government may consider amending fiscal policies to play back investors’ confidence by attracting long-term investments, especially in those key sectors which are critical in the recovery of the national economy. 

Opening a demat account

Amid the debates on tax policies and the reforms which will further develop the marketplace, investors can play an active role in achieving their financial goals. Another effective step in this direction can be depositing a redemption request which will be offered by your financial institution. A Demat account or dematerialized account is the only repository for all your equity, bond, mutual fund and ETF holdings in digital format. 

Step 1: Opt for a college saving (DP) 

Investors should choose a DP with a good reputation and customer service and some branches, as it would be easier to use. There is a need for the DP to have a solid reputation and be of huge repute among financial institutions. Reputation is based on reviews, ratings and ranking by the clients or industry. The quality of service covers performance issues including support to the customers, bilateral management and infrastructure. An open DP equipped with efficient and convenient features as well as swift and communicative support personnel can play out as a key contributing factor to the convenient use of demat accounts. 

Step 2: Complete the adequate account opening form 

 The most common way is usually to first obtain the application online from their website or directly from their office. Do provide accurate information, filling out the application form stating correctly your details (name, date of birth, PAN card number), contact details (address, phone number, and email) for instance, and nominee details (if applicable). 

It can’t overemphasize the vital role of form-filling accuracy in eliminating possible impediments as well as delays in the account opening process. Cautionary confirmation twice that the data has provided the confidence that the demat account was created according to the investor’s desire and will. 

Step 3: Complete and reboot The required documents

 Along with the completed application form, submit the necessary documents such as: Along with the completed application form, make sure you also attach the following documents:

Proof of identity 

This will use your ID like an Aadhar card, PAN card, passport, or voter ID. First, make sure the travel document is a valid current identity document. 

Proof of address 

Deposit clean bill, bank receipt, passport, and any other document which can act as evidence of residence. To ensure a smooth application process, a mirror mailing address should be used on the document that matches the one that was provided during the application. 

Income proof (if required)

 Presenting a stable financial background is an ever-present requirement if investors want to proceed with derivative trading or chosen account types. It may include the pay slips, the IT returns or other documents authenticating the same condition. 

Step 4: Attestation and verification

Next is awaiting the verification and activation of your application.  Submitted the demat account application form and evidence to the concerned DP. DP will be kind of a double check for the given data and documents and they will make sure it’s accurate and complete. For this identification process, the documents can be authenticated through a comparison of the details provided including the address and other information with the original documents. 

If the identity is authenticated the accounts will be activated, and the trader account will be given a unique demat account number also known as DP ID. This DP ID becomes instrumental in granting permission to the account holder to perform the essential functions associated with the dematerialized securities in the same. 

Being a demat account activated is the final step of the account opening process.  After that, it is possible to use the demat account for the purchase, sale and hold of securities through the Internet. 


In conclusion, the government cannot make up its mind whether to abolish the bull market tax or not. They are empowered to do it on their own as more information is available to them about taxes and market conditions to open demat account. This step offers them the chance to optimize their investment strategies. Moreover, tax reforms and budget announcements may have a certain impact on the financial market. Thus, keeping an eye on the future and coming up with a well-thought-out plan for investing will help the investors reach their financial objectives, even given that market conditions might not always be favourable.

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